Area of a Trapezoid: Formula & Examples

Let’s learn how to find the area of a trapezoid. What is a Trapezoid? A trapezoid is a 4-sided flat shape with one pair of parallel sides called its bases. The height (also called altitude) of a trapezoid is perpendicular to its bases. The other two non-parallel sides are called legs. Examples of trapezoid-shaped objects are flowerpots, handbags, pails, and …

Prime Numbers: Factorization & Factor Tree

What are Prime Numbers? Prime numbers are whole numbers greater than 1 that are not a product of two other whole numbers. For example, 2 is a prime number because it can only be a product of 1 and itself 12; no other two numbers can be multiplied to make 2. The numbers 3, 5, and 7 are also prime …

Area of a Hexagon: Formula & Examples

Let’s learn how to find the area of a hexagon. What is a Hexagon? A hexagon is a six-sided flat shape whose sum of interior angles is always 720°. If the hexagon has six equal angles and sides, it’s a regular hexagon. Otherwise, it’s an irregular hexagon. Regular polygons have apothem – the perpendicular distance from the hexagon’s center to …

Midpoint Formula: Equation & Examples

Let’s learn how to find the midpoint using the midpoint formula. What is a Midpoint? A line segment’s midpoint refers to the middle point that divides it into two equal parts. Finding the midpoint between two numbers simply means finding the average of those two numbers. For instance, if you have a line with endpoints at 2 and 10, its …

Degrees of Comparison: Comparing Nouns

More than just modifying nouns and pronouns, adjectives also express degrees of comparison. “Project A is easier than Project B, but Project C is the easiest among the three.” Adjectives show the degree to which a noun has the quality being discussed and compared to another noun. Rica has a louder voice than Allan. Hayley has the loudest voice among the …

Volume of a Pyramid: Formula & Examples

Let’s learn how to determine the volume of a pyramid. What is a Pyramid? A pyramid is a three-dimensional solid with a polygonal base and triangular faces that intersect at a point called the apex (or vertex). Pyramids are classified according to the shape of their base. Regular pyramids, unsurprisingly, have bases that are regular polygons. Examples are triangular pyramids …

Scientific Notation: Compressing Numbers

What is Scientific Notation? Scientific Notation is a way of compressing too large or too small numbers. Scientists usually reformat and simplify colossal and infinitesimal numbers using scientific notation. For instance, rather than writing the distance between the Earth and the moon as 386,000km, we use its scientific notation: 3.86 × 105. See much simpler conversions below: 9000 = 9 …

Point of View: First, Second, & Third

What is a Point of View? Point of view (POV) refers to the narrative voice or perspective from which authors convey a story. When crafting novels or any form of literature, creators decide “who” tells it.  Different Types of Point of View: There are three types of POV: first-person POV (“I drank the last of the milk and fell asleep”), …

Who vs Whom: What’s the Difference?

Understanding the difference between who vs whom can be confusing. Both words are pronouns, but they serve different functions in a sentence. Who is used as a subject: “Who ate all the cake?” On the flip side, whom serves as an object of a verb or preposition: “To whom did you give the letter?” Here are more examples:  Who opened …

Synonyms and Antonyms: Definitions & Examples

Like any language, English expands and evolves. As a result, it now has over a million words that serve as building blocks of our thoughts and speech. Parts of this plethora of words are synonyms and antonyms. Synonyms are words that mean the same, while antonyms are those that have opposite meanings. What are Synonyms? Synonyms are words or phrases …