Scientific Notation: Compressing Numbers

What is Scientific Notation? Scientific Notation is a way of compressing too large or too small numbers. Scientists usually reformat and simplify colossal and infinitesimal numbers using scientific notation. For instance, rather than writing the distance between the Earth and the moon as 386,000km, we use its scientific notation: 3.86 ร— 105. See much simpler conversions below: 9000 = 9 …

Point of View: First, Second, & Third

What is a Point of View? Point of view (POV) refers to the narrative voice or perspective from which authors convey a story. When crafting novels or any form of literature, creators decide โ€œwhoโ€ tells it.  Different Types of Point of View: There are three types of POV: first-person POV (โ€œI drank the last of the milk and fell asleepโ€), …

Who vs Whom: What’s the Difference?

Understanding the difference between who vs whom can be confusing. Both words are pronouns, but they serve different functions in a sentence. Who is used as a subject: “Who ate all the cake?” On the flip side, whom serves as an object of a verb or preposition: “To whom did you give the letter?” Here are more examples:  Who opened …

Synonyms and Antonyms: Definitions & Examples

Like any language, English expands and evolves. As a result, it now has over a million words that serve as building blocks of our thoughts and speech. Parts of this plethora of words are synonyms and antonyms. Synonyms are words that mean the same, while antonyms are those that have opposite meanings. What are Synonyms? Synonyms are words or phrases …

Further vs Farther: What’s the Difference?

How do you decide whether to use further vs farther in a sentence? Further and farther are among the plenty of commonly confused word pairs in American English. And this confusion can be linked to the inevitable evolution of language. Historically, farther and further have been interchangeable when weโ€™re talking about distance โ€“ whether figurative or physical.  Further vs Farther …

Cumulative Adjectives: Order & Examples

What is a Cumulative Adjective? We use adjectives to define, explain, and give layers to nouns or pronouns. And sometimes, we need more than one adjective to achieve that. Cumulative adjectives are two or more adjectives modifying the same noun such as thrilling old Japanese film or lively little yellow lights. Because they act as a group of words describing …

Adjectives: Modifying Nouns & Pronouns

Most times, nouns alone cannot encapsulate the intensity of our feelings, experiences, or thoughts. โ€œA devastating stormโ€ sounds more definite than โ€œa storm.โ€ We use adjectives (enormous, gigantic, slow, pink, insane, childlike, dull, excellent) to describe nouns or pronouns. The tiny words a, an, and the, also called articles or determiners, are the most frequently used adjectives. Remember that adjectives …

Standard Deviation: Variation from the Mean

What is Standard Deviation? Standard Deviation (SD) is the statistical measure of how spread out the values of a data set are from the mean or average number. In short, it measures the variation of the values from the mean.  The closer the values are to the mean, the lesser they are spread out, which also yields to a small …

Verb Tense Consistency: Maintain or Change?

What is Verb Tense Consistency? Verb tense consistency means sticking to a verb tense for the entire clause, sentence, or paragraph. Do not shift tenses unless necessary and appropriate.  Take this sentence with confusing and inconsistent verb tense, for example: Michelle painted her room red, arranges her closet, and will wash the car. The verb painted is in the past tense, …

Verb Tenses: When an Action Occurs

What are Verb Tenses? Aside from expressing what the subject does, verbs essentially show us the time of an action. Verbs specify different time frames through different verb tenses. In short, verb tenses tell when an action occurred.  English has three main verb tenses: past, present, and future. The past tense describes an action that happened in the past, for …